What is Thyroid?
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland situated in front of the larynx. This gland is responsible for creating hormones namely triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine or tetraiodothyronine (T4), and the peptide hormone calcitonin, all of which regulate the body’s metabolism. Thyroid issues can develop when the thyroid gland starts to produce hormones in larger or lower amounts than necessary. You could have a wide variety of thyroid imbalance symptoms if you have thyroid disease. Our bodies need thyroid hormones to function correctly so knowing when thyroid problems manifest in your body and seeking the appropriate medication to address them are crucial for leading a healthy life. Understanding thyroid symptoms and the aid of their underlying cause in controlling the hormonal imbalance.
If neglected, thyroid disease is a dangerous condition that may even be fatal. You require the assistance of qualified endocrinologists to treat thyroid hormone imbalance because it is challenging to do it on your own.
Types of Thyroid Disease
There are two types of thyroid disease– Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism. Both disorders have their own significant causes which are discussed further in the article.
This type of thyroid disorder is also known as ‘Underactive thyroid’. It occurs when the thyroid gland produces fewer thyroid hormones than is necessary. When levels are low, you may suffer symptoms such as daytime weariness and nighttime sleep problems. As you develop this condition, your sleep becomes less restful and disturbed. Moreover, hypothyroidism may cause you to feel exhausted, lack energy, put on weight, lose your memory, or even experience depression.
Causes of Hypothyroidism:
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is unable to produce adequate hormones. Several things, such as Hashimoto’s disease, thyroid surgery, radiation from treatments, particular kinds of drugs, etc., contribute to the occurrence of the disease.
This type of thyroid disorder is also known as Hyperactive Thyroid. When the thyroid gland generates more thyroid hormones than is considered normal, this disease develops. This illness causes the nervous system to become overstimulated, which can lead to anxiety, a rapid heartbeat, and night sweats, all of which can make it difficult for you to get a good night’s sleep.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
The illness can be brought on by a variety of conditions, including thyroiditis and Grave’s disease. Due to the fact that Grave’s disease exposes the thyroid gland to immune system attack, it is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism. Inflammation can also lead to dangerous conditions like thyroiditis. The extra thyroid hormone that has been accumulated in the thyroid gland may seep into the bloodstream as a result of the inflammation, leading to hyperthyroidism.
Iodine deficiency is one the main causes of all thyroid problems in the world. Thyroid diseases are rapidly growing owing to a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits. In order to stay away from this endocrine disorder it is crucial to eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and lead a healthy lifestyle. The thyroid is vulnerable to oxidative stress, so consume extra nuts and antioxidants. Incorporate fresh fruit and green veggies into your diet. Take no packaged or processed food of any kind. Eliminate smoking and drinking, make time for exercise and meditation, and concentrate on being healthy inside-and-out. Although thyroid is a serious ailment, with the right professional medical care and self-improvement the disease can be managed effectively.